What Are 7 Violations in Volleyball

Did you know that in volleyball, there are seven common violations that can occur during a game? These violations can result in penalties and can greatly affect the outcome of a match.

From foot faults to net violations, each violation carries its own consequences. Understanding these violations is crucial for players, coaches, and referees alike.

In this article, we will explore these seven violations in detail, providing you with the knowledge you need to excel in the game of volleyball.

Key Takeaways

  • Foot faults: Keep both feet behind the serving line, avoid stepping on or over the line, and maintain a stable base and balance during the serve.
  • Double hits: Prevent double hits by using proper technique with wrists and fingers, improving hand-eye coordination and timing, and avoiding loss of control and accuracy in the game.
  • Net violations: Avoid net violations by not touching the net with any part of the body while attempting to hit or block the ball, refraining from using the net for support, and focusing on footwork and body control.
  • Back-row attacks: Carefully execute back-row attacks without touching the net or crossing the attack line, utilize defensive techniques against opposing team blocks or defense, and prioritize coordination, timing, and precision.
  • Blocking faults: Avoid blocking faults by not reaching over the net, not making contact with the ball on the opponent's side before the attacker does, and refraining from touching the net while attempting a block. Understand and adhere to blocking rules to ensure fair play and prevent penalties.

Foot Faults

To avoid foot faults in volleyball, make sure to keep both feet behind the serving line when executing a serve.

Footwork techniques play a crucial role in maintaining proper positioning and avoiding violations. One common foot fault in volleyball is stepping on or over the serving line while serving. This violation occurs when a player's foot touches or crosses the line before making contact with the ball.

Another foot fault is lifting or dragging the back foot during a serve, which can result in an illegal serve. It's important to maintain a stable base and balance during the serving motion to prevent these foot faults.

Double Hits

One violation that can occur in volleyball is when you make a double hit. A double hit happens when a player contacts the ball twice in succession, without another player touching it in between. It's a common mistake that can lead to a loss of control and accuracy in the game.

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Proper technique is essential to avoid double hits. When receiving a ball, it's important to use your wrists and fingers to cushion the impact and create a clean, single contact. Practice drills that focus on hand-eye coordination and timing can help improve your technique and prevent double hits.

Net Violations

When it comes to net violations, maintaining proper positioning and control is crucial in order to avoid penalties and maintain the integrity of the game.

Net violations occur when a player makes contact with the net during play. One common mistake is touching the net with any part of the body while attempting to hit or block the ball.

Another mistake is using the net as a support to gain an advantage, such as using it to push off for a higher jump.

To avoid net violations, players should focus on their footwork and body control. They should maintain a safe distance from the net and be mindful of their movements. Proper technique and body awareness are essential to avoid net violations and keep the game fair and competitive.

Back-Row Attacks

You can also incur a violation in volleyball with back-row attacks, which involve hitting the ball from behind the attack line. Back-row attacks are a common offensive strategy used by teams to increase their chances of scoring points. These attacks are executed by players in the back row who jump and hit the ball over the net towards the opponent's court.

However, there are certain rules and restrictions that players must adhere to when performing back-row attacks. Defensive techniques come into play when the opposing team tries to block or defend against these attacks. Players must be careful not to touch the net or cross the attack line when executing a back-row attack to avoid incurring a violation and giving the opposing team an advantage.

Proper execution of back-row attacks requires coordination, timing, and precision to successfully overcome the defensive strategies of the opposing team.

Blocking Faults

To continue the discussion from the previous subtopic on back-row attacks, let's now shift our focus to blocking faults in volleyball. Blocking is an essential aspect of the game, but it is crucial to avoid certain common mistakes that can result in penalties.

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One common mistake is reaching over the net during a block. This occurs when a player interferes with the opposing team's attack by crossing the plane of the net. Another fault is making contact with the ball on the opponent's side of the net before the attacker does. This is known as a "first-team hit" and is not allowed. Additionally, a blocker must not touch the net while attempting a block.

Violating these blocking rules can lead to penalties, such as giving the opponent a point or loss of serve. It is important for players to understand and adhere to the penalty rules to maintain fair play and maximize their team's chances of success.

Common MistakesPenalty Rules
Reaching over the netOpponent receives a point
First-team hitOpponent receives a point
Touching the netOpponent receives a point and regain serve

Rotation Errors

As you learn more about the violations in volleyball, it's important to understand the consequences of rotation errors. Rotation errors occur when players fail to rotate properly during the game, resulting in a violation of the rules.

One common mistake is when players rotate out of order, which can lead to confusion and disrupt the team's rhythm. Another rule misconception is the failure to complete a proper rotation before serving the ball. This can result in a point being awarded to the opposing team.

It's crucial for players to familiarize themselves with the rotation rules and ensure they're executing them correctly. By avoiding rotation errors, teams can maintain their strategic positions on the court and prevent unnecessary penalties.

Serving Errors

Continuing from rotation errors, another violation in volleyball occurs when serving errors occur. Serving is a crucial aspect of the game, and errors in this area can result in lost points for your team.

There are two types of serves: overhand and underhand. When it comes to overhand serves, a serving error is committed if the server steps on or over the end line before contacting the ball. Additionally, if the ball fails to pass over the net or lands out of bounds, it's considered a serving error.

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Underhand serves also have their own set of rules. If the server fails to make contact with the ball below waist level or the ball doesn't cross the net, it will be considered a serving error.

Proper technique and practice can help minimize serving errors and contribute to a successful game.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Are Foot Faults Determined in Volleyball?

When determining foot faults in volleyball, referees look for violations such as stepping on or over the end line during a serve. Other common errors include rotation errors, back row attacks, and net touch during a block.

What Constitutes a Back-Row Attack in Volleyball?

When discussing back-row attacks and attacking violations in volleyball, it's important to understand the rules and regulations. Back-row attacks occur when a player in the back row jumps and hits the ball over the net. These attacks must adhere to certain guidelines to avoid violations.

Can a Player Touch the Net During a Block Without It Being Considered a Violation?

When you touch the net during a block, it's considered a violation. This net contact can lead to penalties and a loss of points. Make sure to avoid this blocking violation to stay in the game.

What Are Some Common Serving Errors in Volleyball?

When it comes to serving technique in volleyball, there are some common faults to be aware of. One mistake is not hitting the ball with a flat hand, while another is serving out of bounds.

How Are Rotation Errors Identified and Penalized in Volleyball?

Illegal substitutions in volleyball are handled by penalizing the team with a loss of rally. If a player receives a red card, they are ejected from the game and their team must continue with one less player.


In conclusion, knowing the seven violations in volleyball is crucial for players to avoid penalties and maintain fair play.

It's truly impressive how a seemingly simple sport can have so many intricate rules to follow.

So, the next time you watch a volleyball match, keep an eye out for these violations and marvel at the athletes' ability to navigate the fine line between skill and rule-breaking.

It's a game of precision, strategy, and, of course, a dash of rule-bending excitement.